Real estate economics is a term used to describe the application of economic principals in an effort to predict patterns in real estate prices and consumption. An even more defined form of real estate economics is called housing economics which focuses specifically on residential markets. The element of economic principals that is most easily identified is that of supply and demand. Using economic principals an individual can make several sound and lucrative investments in the real estate market. To do so one must determine what level of involvement is needed in the market to meet desired investment goals.
Homeowners actually qualify as investors in the real estate market because homeownership is subject to the same types of risks and growth as any other market. Homeowners actually have a dual interest in their homes since not only are they investing in it but by economic standards they are also considered consumers.
Land Owners are the most common investors in the real estate market. Their interest is purely for investment purposes. Real estate purchased by a landowner is then rented or leased out and is usually owned strictly for investment purposes.
Developers are a growing breed of investors in the real estate market. A Developer will purchase unused land that typically has no structures on it and will then "develop" the property to meet a certain need in a specific area.
Renovators or "house flippers" are individuals or companies that purchase a home for a significantly lower amount than the surrounding houses. The goal of a renovator is to improve a property just enough to make its value match the median value of the houses in the area. These projects are typically done in a relatively short period of time but carry greater risk and profit potentials.
Investing in real estate, just like any other form of investing, involves a certain level of risk, especially when dealing with residential properties. In order to make a sound investment choice in real estate a number of different factors should be considered. Consider meeting with a licensed realtor who has access to resources and information that will help minimize the risks in the real estate market. The profits gained from real estate transactions may often initially seem high, but they are lowered due to a number of legal fees as well as real estate fees. It is important when considering real estate as an investment that thought is given to the cost of these fees and their affect on profit margins. Another inherent risk in the real estate market is the fact that the value of the property is often determined by the value of an area. Values can be affected by a number of external factors like location, limited amount of usable land (which is the case for many island regions) and the local economy. Demand for housing is an ever-fluctuating factor in determining real estate values.
If you are considering real estate as a means of investing, think about all of the factors and realize that the real estate market is subject to the same economic laws as any other market which is driven by supply and demand.