What Is FOREX Trading and How Does It Work?

Before you can test the waters with a demo account, learning basic information about the FOREX markets is essential.

Foreign exchange is the simultaneous buying of one currency and selling of another. Currencies are traded through a broker or dealer and are executed in currency pairs, for example, the European Euro and the U.S. Dollar (EUR/USD) or the British Pound and the Japanese Yen (GBP/JPY). If you buy the GBP/JPY, you are long the GBP and short the JPY; if you sell the GBP/JPY, you are short the GBP and long the JPY.
An account is typically funded with the currency of your resident country. A few FOREX brokers offer the option of funding with a non-local currency.

It is important to understand a FOREX transaction is effectively a spread between two currencies. You cannot simply buy the USD or sell the JPY -- the purchase or sale must be in relationship to another currency. This is one of two important facts to remember as we delve into the world of foreign exchange trading.

FOREX means FOReign EXchange. The FOREX (FX) market is a more-than-$4-trillion-a-day financial market, dwarfing everything else, including stocks and futures. Because there is no centralized exchange or clearinghouse for currency trading, the FOREX market is currently less regulated than other financial markets.
By Michael Duane Archer
Michael Duane Archer has been an active futures and FOREX trader for more than 35 years. He has worked in various advisory capacities, notably as a commodity trading advisor, registered SEC investment advisor, and branch manager for Heinold of Hawaii. He currently trades FOREX and futures and is involved in several technical analysis research projects.

Copyrighted 2020. Content published with author's permission.

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