# Price and Time Rhythm (PR and TR)

The secondary MEs are rhythm -- price rhythm and time rhythm.

The markets often have regular price and time rhythm. But you cannot see them if you are not looking for them and doing some basic counting.

For time rhythm, measure the length of time (number of time units along the horizontal scale of a bar chart). Measure bottoms to bottoms and tops to tops; make an average of each. The closer the average is to each of the specific instances, the more regular the time rhythm.

For price rhythm, do the same measurements of uptrends and downtrends.

Keep a running record of both values and again, average them. (See two Figures below.)

[caption id="attachment_13275" align="aligncenter" width="550"] ME -- Price Rhythm[/caption]

[caption id="attachment_13276" align="aligncenter" width="550"] ME -- Time Rhythm[/caption]

While all four of these elements can and have been precisely defined mathematically, simply eyeballing a chart for rough estimates is often satisfactory. You will be surprised how many areas on the chart you will find where price rhythm and time rhythm intersect. These are strong support and resistance areas.

A market has regular rhythm if in averaging the peaks and valleys, the average you derive is not far from any of the specific values.

For example, if you count price peaks and valleys as: 6, 3, 7, 4, 8, 4, 6, 3, 7, 5, 6, 2, and average the peaks (6, 7, 8, 6, 7, 6) and valleys (3, 4, 5, 3, 5, 2) you can see that this market has excellent price rhythm. But you cannot see it unless you look! Do you want to buy on a price or time peak or on a valley?

Tip: Many indicators actually tease out various ME elements. Sometimes it is easier and just as efficient to find that information by eyeballing a chart.

By Michael Duane Archer
Michael Duane Archer has been an active futures and FOREX trader for more than 35 years. He has worked in various advisory capacities, notably as a commodity trading advisor, registered SEC investment advisor, and branch manager for Heinold of Hawaii. He currently trades FOREX and futures and is involved in several technical analysis research projects.

Copyrighted 2020. Content published with author's permission.

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