A measure of responsiveness of one economic variable to another -- usually the responsiveness of quantity to price along a supply or demand curve -- comparing percentage changes (%D) or changes in logarithms (d ln). The arc elasticity of x with respect to y is e = %Dx/%Dy. The point elasticity is e = d lnx/d lny = (y/x)(dx/dy).
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price elasticity
demand elasticity
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