monetary policy
Action taken by a central bank to stabilize a nation's economy. For example, by regulating money supply (printing more money or removing currency from circulation) and controlling the cost of money (raising and lowering interest rates), the central bank can stimulate a sagging economy or cool things off when it begins to grow at an undesirable rate.
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Federal Reserve Board
Monetizing Debt
open market operation
money supply
Structural Inflation
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