surplus
In the balance of payments, or in any category of international transactions within it, the surplus is the sum of credits minus the sum of debits. Also called simply the "balance" for that category. Thus the balance of trade is the same as the surplus on trade, or the Trade Surplus, and similarly for merchandise trade, current account, and capital account.
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overstocks
deficit
Depressed Market
sterilized intervention
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accounting rate of return
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